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Smart Bombs: Military, Defense and National Security

The US Marine Corps’ Advanced Reconnaissance Vehicle is Coming

POHANG, South Korea (March 29, 2006) - Staff Sgt. Heighnbaugh, a platoon sgt. with the 3rd Light Armored Reconnaissance Platoon (reinforced), Battalion Landing Team, 2nd Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, fires an M240G medium machinegun on a light armored vehicle at the Su Song Ri Range here during Exercise Foal Eagle 2006. The platoon participated in the live-fire training, firing a multitude of weapons from their arsenal, ranging from the M249 squad automatic weapon to M242 25mm chain guns mounted on their light armored vehicles. The BLT is the ground combat element of the 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit.

The Marine Corps has introduced several new vehicles into service in recent years — now they’re looking to up their reconnaissance game as well.

Coming Soon

The United States Marine Corps gave pre-award contracts to two of the United States’ defense industry heavyweights — Textron Systems and General Dynamics Land Systems — to design and build prototype Advanced Reconnaissance Vehicles.

Out with the Old, and in with the New

The Advanced Reconnaissance Vehicle will replace the 1980s-era Light Armored Vehicle-25 which currently forms the backbone of the Marine Corps’ armored reconnaissance capabilities. The LAV-25’s replacement will offer a wide variety of capabilities, but with special emphasis on Command, Control, Communications and Computers (C4) abilities, as well as the ability to remotely control small unmanned aerial vehicles from the vehicle, presumably to scout ahead.

“A key Fleet Marine Force modernization initiative, the ARV Command, Control, Communications and Computers/Unmanned Aerial Systems will host a suite of C4 equipment, sensors, and operate both tethered and untethered UAS,” the USMC statement reads.

“The ARV C4/UAS will employ an effective mix of reconnaissance, surveillance, target acquisition, and C4 systems to sense and communicate. These systems will enable ARV to serve as the manned hub of a manned/unmanned team and deliver next-generation, multi-domain, mobile reconnaissance capabilities.”

Long in the Tooth

The LAV-25 entered service in the early 1980s and is one of the United States Marine Corps’ oldest combat platforms. Although the LAV-25 has steadily incorporated better drivetrains and powerpacks, more robust armor, as well as improved crew comfort features and ergonomics, the LAV-25 is the most accident-prone vehicle in the Marine Corps.

As originally designed, the LAV-25 is an amphibious vehicle, able to conduct operations on water, though not during high sea states. In order to improve the vehicle’s light armor protection package however, the LAV-25 has been up-armored — severely hindering the vehicle’s performance on water. For a branch of the United States military that defines itself as an amphibious assault force, this is far from ideal, and one of the factors (aside from age) necessitating a LAV-25 replacement.

A Home Grown Solution?

In addition to the two bids from Textron and General Dynamics, the Marine Corps is also exploring the possibility of modifying the Corps’ new Amphibious Combat Vehicle to fill the Advanced Reconnaissance Vehicle as potentially a cheaper off-the-shelf solution. In theory the Amphibious Combat Vehicle could excel in this role, as it is fully amphibious, much more protected than the LAV-25, and more mobile as well. 

The Corps expects to put prototypes from Textron Systems and General Dynamics Land Systems though their paces early in 2023, followed by a six-month testing and evaluation period.

Caleb Larson is a Defense Writer based in Europe. He holds a Master of Public Policy and covers U.S. and Russian security, European defense issues, and German politics and culture.

Written By

Caleb Larson is a multiformat journalist and defense writer based in Berlin but has spent most of 2022 reporting from Ukraine. He covers the intersection of conflict, security, and technology, with a focus on American foreign policy and European security. Follow him on Twitter @calebmlarson.

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