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F-35 Lighting II – The Most Undetectable Aircraft (Russia’s Nightmare)

Capt. Andrew “Dojo” Olson, F-35 Heritage Flight Team pilot and commander, performs a high-speed pass during the Canadian International Air Show in Toronto, Sept. 1, 2018. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Alexander Cook)

The world is starting to become more interested in stealth fighters. Stealth aircraft such as the Su-57, J-20, FC-31 and new models like the Su-75 and NGAD are certainly interesting. But on the F-35 truly delivers: The F-35 Lighting II is touted as one of the most undetectable aircraft to ever take to the skies. The effectiveness of the fifth-generation fighter jet largely hinges on its stealth capabilities.

In an era of advanced air-defense and radar technology, and with near-peer adversaries with advanced military capability, such as China and Russia, every “ounce” of stealth is necessary for the F-35 to survive in a contested air space. The U.S. Air Force literally paints its fifth-generation aircraft by hand to achieve that.

“Stealthing” the F-35 One Paintbrush At A Time 

At 51-feet-long and 35-feet-wide, the F-35 isn’t a small aircraft, especially if you have to hand-paint it with radar-absorbent coating. Specially trained and qualified Airmen spent hours and hours preparing the classified chemical mix and applying it correctly on the aircraft.

“You can’t just read the steps in the manual. There are requirements for who can do it and inspect it…We take doing it correctly very seriously. We take pride in being experts in our craft because it depends so much on us. There is definitely an art to what we do,” said Master Sergeant John Knowles, the section chief of the 388th Maintenance Squadron, in a press release.

Every F-35 Lighting II comes with a special coat of paint that It is important to note that stealth doesn’t mean invisible. Rather, stealth makes it harder for enemy radar to see and track an aircraft. The aircraft itself is still visible to the naked eye.

“The panels undergo a very in-depth process of different coatings just to remove the latches and cover the fasteners. In the end, there has to be a balance of covering the panel with the proper material while also maintaining full functionality. This is the most frequent job done in the shop, while encompassing the processes of many of their tasks within the unit,” said Staff Sergeant Matthew Hicks, a low observable craftsman 419th Maintenance Squadron.

The special coating, also known as low-observable technology, ensures that an adversary would find it challenging to detect, track or target by radar or missiles the F-35.

“My favorite part of the job is painting because it’s kind of like an art. You get to see it from the beginning and then see it from the end,” said Airman 1st Class Evander Esperanza, a low observable journeyman at the 388th Maintenance Squadron.

But besides looking pleasing to the eye, the coating has to cover every surface, even in spots that don’t see much sunlight, to ensure that equipment doesn’t corrode, causing increased maintenance times or even an accident.

F-35: The Air Force’s Future 

The Air Force has based its entire near future on the F-35, so the aircraft has to perform at the expected level and deal with any known, and even unknown, threats. The Pentagon plans to purchase about 2,500 aircraft of all three variants.

“The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter is the cornerstone of our future fighter force and air superiority. Achieving air superiority in a future fight is strongly dependent on full-spectrum dominance. The F-35 and its fifth-generation capabilities are part of our fighter force design that outpaces key competitors,” General CQ Brown, Jr., the Air Force Chief of Staff, has said about the F-35.

1945’s New Defense and National Security Columnist, Stavros Atlamazoglou is a defense journalist specializing in special operations, a Hellenic Army veteran (national service with the 575th Marine Battalion and Army HQ), and a Johns Hopkins University graduate.

1945’s Defense and National Security Columnist, Stavros Atlamazoglou is a seasoned defense journalist with specialized expertise in special operations, a Hellenic Army veteran (national service with the 575th Marine Battalion and Army HQ), and a Johns Hopkins University graduate. His work has been featured in Business Insider, Sandboxx, and SOFREP.



  1. Truthseeker55

    May 16, 2022 at 12:54 am

    My thought is….Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.
    Look at the Battle of the Atlantic in WWII.
    At the beginning, the U-boats were unstoppable. The Nazi’s gave up on their surface ships and put all their efforts, ‘all their eggs’ into the U-boat ‘basket’. They sank British, and then also American shipping left and right. From 1940 up through 1942, it was one-sided in the U-boat’s favor. Then in the spring of 1943, the British and Americans turned the tables. Using radio direction finders, radar, and aircraft, they started sinking U-boats….. a lot of them.
    Within a year it was the U-boats that were being hunted by the Allied anti-submarine forces.
    The F35 is supposed to be the top of the heap right now.
    But, with the constant espionage going on, how long before the Chinese (and the Russians) figure out how to counter it?
    I believe the US should have some alternatives available.
    I hope that they are working on new aircraft, but are keeping a tight lid on it.

  2. Steven

    May 16, 2022 at 1:11 am

    I don’t know why they couldn’t apply the coating to other aircraft such as F16 and F15?
    Certainly there are low reflection angles, which may be one of the big differences between the aircraft, but coatings might have some utility.

  3. Error403

    May 16, 2022 at 2:28 am

    Most undetectable aircraft ?

    The aircraft that regularly violates greek airspace in the mediterranean.

    NATO can’t or unable to detect it at all. Super duper undetectable !

  4. punithan vyahoori

    May 16, 2022 at 5:58 am

    Talk about America is about a bunch of pure ‘PERFECTIONIST’that’s what my mind says from day one i follow American ways of doin everything.

  5. Warmachines

    May 16, 2022 at 8:38 pm

    Give it ukraine and test it
    If its really russian nightmare or not.

  6. Kobeissi

    May 18, 2022 at 8:12 am

    It is detectable and trackable. Have seen it being tracked by s300triumph over Syria with my own eyes. They don’t actually track plane but look for the lower density slipstream forming a V behind the aircraft. While engines are cooled making them less visible to it spectrum the targeting computer easily truangulates position of aircraft. Fortunately Israel and Russia are friends so there has never been an actual targeting.

  7. cerberus

    May 21, 2022 at 9:31 am

    F35 can be seen using a powerful acquisition radar. At 60 miles its the size of a bumblebee at any angle but if a system can see a bumblebee , it can see an F35. Thats not the problem. The problem is You cant get and keep a targeting radar on it which is significantly different than an acquisition radar.

    Keep your radars up too long trying to do all this and you lose them.

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