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Putin’s Tanks Keep Getting Destroyed in Ukraine

Thanks to a bunch of complex factors, the Russian military is losing an epic amount of tanks and equipment in Ukraine.

Russian T-90 Tank
Image: Creative Commons.

On day 175 day of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the Russian military is trying to grapple with the heavy losses it has been suffering after almost six months of the war.

The Russian Casualties

The Ukrainian Ministry of Defense claimed that as of Thursday, Ukrainian forces have killed approximately 44,300 Russian troops (and wounded approximately thrice that number), destroyed 234 fighter, attack, and transport jets, 197 attack and transport helicopters, 1,889 tanks, 1,010 artillery pieces, 4,179 armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles, 265 Multiple Launch Rocket Systems (MLRS), 15 boats and cutters, 3,061 vehicles and fuel tanks, 136 anti-aircraft batteries, 793 tactical unmanned aerial systems, 93 special equipment platforms, such as bridging vehicles, and four mobile Iskander ballistic missile systems, and 190 cruise missiles shot down by the Ukrainian air defenses.

Why Russian Tanks Keep Blowing Up

The Russian military has lost more than 950 main battle tanks in Ukraine. And that is only the documented numbers that have been verified by independent sources, such as the Oryx open-source page, mainly through audiovisual evidence.

And the Ukrainian military is claiming almost twice the number of destroyed or captured Russian main battle tanks, but those figures haven’t been verified fully yet.

“The heavy attrition of Russian Main Battle Tanks in Ukraine is highly likely partially due to Russia’s failure to fit and properly employ adequate Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA),” the British Military Intelligence assessed in its daily update on the war.

Explosive Reactive Armor comes in small boxes that are attached to the exterior of the tank in the most vulnerable places. The very basic idea of the concept is that when a projectile, whether that is a tank shell or anti-tank missile, strikes the tank, the explosive material in the boxes detonates and somewhat deflect or lessen the force of the incoming projectile, thus giving the crew a better chance at survival.

“Used correctly, ERA degrades the effectiveness of incoming projectiles before they hit the tank. This suggests that Russian forces have not rectified a culture of poor ERA use, which dates back to the First Chechen War in 1994,” the British Ministry of Defense stated.

However, footage from the ground in Ukraine has shown Ukrainian troops going through captured Russian tanks only to find that in the Explosive Reactive Armor boxes, there was plastic foam or even egg carton containers.

“It is highly likely that many Russian tank crews lack the training to maintain ERA, leading to either poor fitting of the explosive elements, or it being left off entirely. These deficiencies probably contribute to the widespread incidents of turret ejection, which are well documented in eye-witness videos from Ukraine,” the British Ministry of Defense added.

Ukraine Video Footage

Image of Ukraine attacking Russian tank. Image Credit: Twitter Screenshot.

“The war has seen numerous failures by Russian commanders to enforce low-level battle discipline – such as the use of ERA. The cumulative effect of these failures is likely a significant factor behind the poor performance of Russia’s forces,” the British Military Intelligence assessed.

1945’s New Defense and National Security Columnist, Stavros Atlamazoglou is a seasoned defense journalist specializing in special operations, a Hellenic Army veteran (national service with the 575th Marine Battalion and Army HQ), and a Johns Hopkins University graduate. His work has been featured in Business InsiderSandboxx, and SOFREP.

1945’s Defense and National Security Columnist, Stavros Atlamazoglou is a seasoned defense journalist with specialized expertise in special operations, a Hellenic Army veteran (national service with the 575th Marine Battalion and Army HQ), and a Johns Hopkins University graduate. His work has been featured in Business Insider, Sandboxx, and SOFREP.

4 Comments

4 Comments

  1. Jacksonian Libertarian

    August 18, 2022 at 2:06 pm

    Explosive Reactive Armor is useful in disrupting the plasma jet created by shaped charge anti-tank warheads. It doesn’t help with tandem dual shaped charge warheads like the Javelin’s. These warheads use the first shaped charge to detonate the reactive armor, which clears the way for the following shaped charge to burn through the armor and kill everyone inside.

    Ukraine is claiming 6,000 killed or captured armored vehicles, tanks and APV’s. The US has supplied at least 6,500 Javelins. Is it a coincidence that these numbers are so close? Would the war be over if Ukraine was supplied with 5,000 Javelins tomorrow?

    ERA doesn’t do anything to stop the discarding sabot, depleted Uranium or Tungsten, penetrator rounds used by tank cannons.

  2. Fluffy Dog

    August 18, 2022 at 2:51 pm

    “Ukrainian troops going through captured Russian tanks only to find that in the Explosive Reactive Armor boxes, there was plastic foam or even egg carton containers.

    “It is highly likely that many Russian tank crews lack the training to maintain ERA, leading to either poor fitting of the explosive elements, or it being left off entirely. ” ”

    These two paragraphs are self-contradictory. ERA boxes filled with egg cartons do not need maintenance. OTOH, what kind of special training is needed to recognize that foam will not provide any protection?

    How about giving it straight: Russian soldiers stole the ERA and sold it to get a bottle of vodka. In proper English, it’s called “corruption.”

    “If I fall asleep for 100 years, wake up, and is asked what is happening in Russia, I will reply: they drink and steal,” Russian writer of 19th century.

  3. Gary Jacobs

    August 18, 2022 at 3:45 pm

    Normally an article like this would have brought out Putin’s troll army real fast… but There has been a notable absence of the resident Russia troll army on 1945 the last few days. Especially since the follow on explosions in Crimea made it impossible for even the most die hard Putin boot lickers to continue making absurd excuses about ‘accidents’. Even the Russians authorities started calling it sabotage. It’s been a welcome absence. Interested to see how long that lasts. Hopefully a while.

  4. mawendt

    August 19, 2022 at 11:14 am

    War is blood, sweat and tears.

    In this case, the Russians and bleeding and crying, and sweating every time they hear a noise in the dark.

    Ukraine doesn’t have to win through force on force – Ukraine should avoid glorious offensives against the invaders but continue to bleed Russian equipment, embarrass Russians with special operations, and constantly point a simple propaganda message that appeals to the common Russian soldier and Russian general population: “You know this is wrong. Go home”.

    If Ukraine fights defensively, and nibbles – eventually 44,000 dead Russian soldiers becomes 100,000, and 950 dead Russian MBTs become 3,000. Putin slips in the bathtub or gets the Russian flu. The new Russian admin gives back Donbass, Luhansk, Crimea, says sorry…

    And leaves Ukraine.

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