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Biden’s Afghanistan Disaster Will Become A Hostage Crisis

Afghanistan Hostage
Image: White House photo.

The 1979-81 Iranian hostage crisis defined the Carter administration. Iranian students allied with Supreme Leader Ruhollah Khomeini seized the US Embassy in Tehran and held 52 American diplomats hostage for 444 days. The episode sapped American morale, humiliated the United States on the world stage, and ended any possibility of Carter’s re-election.

The Afghanistan debacle may now make that look like the good ol’ days.

The rapid Taliban advance stranded several thousand Americans in Kabul and across Afghanistan. The US Embassy in Kabul has urged Americans first to shelter in place and then to make their way to the airport for evacuation. It warned, however, that it could not guarantee the safety of the routes to the airport. That may be sage advice: The Taliban have shut off access to the airport. Bold Afghans now share videos via social media of Taliban thugs using whips and pipes to beat men, women, and children who try to go to the airport. Administration officials like National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan, White House Spokesman Jen Psaki, and Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin refuse to guarantee that they will evacuate all Americans.

It appears that, for the Biden administration, Plans A, B, and C are to beg the Taliban to allow people to pass unmolested. The Taliban agree orally, but then continue their crackdown regardless.

While the press focuses on efforts to enable Americans to get to the airport, they may be missing the bigger picture: The entire city of Kabul is now the equivalent of the US Embassy in Tehran in 1979. If thousands of Americans are left behind in Kabul—a scenario which men like Sullivan seem willing to let occur—they effectively become hostages. The Taliban may be disorganized now but they are slowly consolidating their control. If the White House and State Department hope that order will bring reasoned dialogue, they are foolish. As the Taliban solidify their grip on the country, they will begin to consider the Westerners left behind as hostages over which they can bargain to further America’s humiliation.

The danger grows because the Taliban are not an indigenous force. They may have emerged as a grassroots organization in 1994, but Pakistan quickly co-opted them. They are now proxies of Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agency, the same organ that sheltered a fugitive Usama Bin Laden after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, likely hides his successor Ayman al-Zawahiri today, and also host myriad other designated terrorist groups, many of whom have killed Americans. Pakistani diplomats may deflect blame or feign indigence when challenged on Pakistan’s ties to the Taliban, but the facts speak for themselves. Even if some within in the Taliban are more nationalistic as American diplomats wished to believe, the ISI seeks to humiliate America further. The Pakistani narrative of bilateral relations is deeply anti-American and full of grievance. The ISI is out for revenge.

They may encourage Taliban authorities to accuse some Americans of espionage, and perhaps even mete out justice: Public whippings, stoning, or hanging, for example. By having the Taliban take such actions, the ISI will likely believe that it can maintain plausible deniability. It might also continue the same strategy it has for the last two decades: Charging America for its cooperation on a problem Pakistan itself created. Nor, even if the Taliban execute American hostages in the middle of Kabul’s stadium, would the Biden administration or its successor likely be able to react: After all, if the Taliban hold 5,000 hostages, would the White House really risk their lives to avenge two or three American victims?

Carter did at least try: In April 1980, he launched Operation Eagle Claw to try to rescue American hostages. That attempt met with a tragic end, but any rescue attempt in Afghanistan would be even more difficult. Because Afghanistan is landlocked, the United States would require the goodwill of either Iran or Pakistan, both of whom seek America’s further humiliation, and that assumes the ISI and Taliban decide to keep their American hostages concentrated in a single location.

America now faces its greatest hostage crisis ever, one that the incompetence and denials coming from the White House only compound.

Michael Rubin is a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute and a 19FortyFive Contributing Editor. 

Written By

Now a 1945 Contributing Editor, Dr. Michael Rubin is a Senior Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI). Dr. Rubin is the author, coauthor, and coeditor of several books exploring diplomacy, Iranian history, Arab culture, Kurdish studies, and Shi’ite politics, including “Seven Pillars: What Really Causes Instability in the Middle East?” (AEI Press, 2019); “Kurdistan Rising” (AEI Press, 2016); “Dancing with the Devil: The Perils of Engaging Rogue Regimes” (Encounter Books, 2014); and “Eternal Iran: Continuity and Chaos” (Palgrave, 2005).



  1. GA48

    August 18, 2021 at 7:34 pm

    If the Taliban bomb the middle of the Kabul Airport runway, they will instantly have 5000 more hostages, our troops.

  2. MajorMako

    August 18, 2021 at 10:36 pm

    Maybe, let’s hope not.
    Let’s hope some brave planners in the pentagon are putting together SOF and Ranger teams to drop in with 101st Airborne to reactivate Bagram AB by hostile force. We may lose a few brave men going in but it could be the only way to show locals we mean business in getting people out. It will give long and short range aviation superiority to cover rescue convoys to get people out. ISR assets can also get back up, giving us ryes and ears we don’t have now.
    This isn’t going to be cheap or easy; those opportunities were flushed. It pains me to think how horribly this may turn out – assuming it does.

  3. Wait and see

    August 18, 2021 at 11:09 pm

    Media will be able to cover it up, censor criticism, and blame prior administration.

  4. rick trickerson

    August 19, 2021 at 10:03 am

    “We are giving the Taliban millions of dollars for the return of our hostages. We are releasing hundreds of Taliban terrorists. This is a huge victory for our country.”

  5. ae_savant

    August 19, 2021 at 11:44 am

    I will donate the first bucket of red paint to be strewn on any future monuments to Joe Biden.

    I met a traveller from an antique land,
    Who said—“Two vast and trunkless legs of stone
    Stand in the desert. . . . Near them, on the sand,
    Half sunk a shattered visage lies, whose frown,
    And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command,
    Tell that its sculptor well those passions read
    Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things,
    The hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed;
    And on the pedestal, these words appear:
    My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings;
    Look on my Works, ye Mighty, and despair!
    Nothing beside remains. Round the decay
    Of that colossal Wreck, boundless and bare
    The lone and level sands stretch far away.”

    Source: Shelley’s Poetry and Prose (1977)

  6. Steve Walton

    August 19, 2021 at 12:01 pm

    We fund the ISI.
    Think about that.

  7. jeff

    August 19, 2021 at 3:28 pm

    MajorMako, look at a map, Bagram is not accessible from Kabul if opposed. Afghanistan is not accessible if opposed. GA48 is correct, Kabul and Bagram airfields both easily rendered inoperable. While local govts may give US permission to cross or land in their countries, local population likely report all movement to Taliban in real time. China and Russia may recognize Taliban as govt of Afghanistan. At that point, Taliban will have surface to air missiles.

    Kabul airfield is surrounded by by the city / residential areas. Securing the airfield will require force, and you are correct in terming it “hostile force” re taking the city. Remember Fallujah. It will require all US SOF. Even then, there will eventually be no resupply, no evac as the Taliban is recognized as the legitimate govt by surrounding govts.

    Everyone waves the shibboleth “Saigon”. That is inaccurate. Rather review Dien Bien Phu and then the indemnities Germany was required to pay for losing WW1. All the US troops in Afghanistan are about to be prisoners of war, subject to “war crimes prosecution”. We lost the war.

  8. Wim Vincken

    August 23, 2021 at 7:11 am

    This depends on the politicians in power. If they continue micromanaging the hole mess there, yes, there would be more problems for the US and other westerners in this fallen country.

    Well, actually it isn’t a country, it’s more a collection of tribes.

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