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Smart Bombs: Military, Defense and National Security

Putin Is Mad: The U.S. Military Is Sending Nuclear Bombs to Europe

Ukraine AZP S-60 57mm AA gun in Ukraine
From Twitter: “An AZP S-60 57mm AA gun mounted on a truck used by UA forces- one example of the many improvised weapons appearing recently,”

The U.S. military is deploying B61-12 nuclear bombs to Europe in response to the Russian threats of a nuclear escalation over the fighting in Ukraine.

According to the Pentagon, the U.S. military will be deploying approximately 180 B61-12 tactical nuclear bombs in military installations across Europe and in Turkey. 

Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands are expected to house 60 bombs (20 munitions each), Turkey 50, and Italy 70.

A Nuclear Weapon with Some History 

The B61-12 weighs approximately 850lbs and is about 12 feet tall, making it a light nuclear munition compared with the huge Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) that make up the majority of the land portion of the U.S. Air Force’s nuclear deterrence

But what makes the B61-12 truly valuable is the inherent flexibility of the weapon system. Pilots have the ability to adjust the yield of the bomb before it is released and thus deploy a nuclear munition that will best address the threat on the ground.

The B61-12 nuclear bomb can be dialed to four yields (0.3, 1.5, 10, or 50 kilotons). In comparison, the yields of “Little Boy” and “Fat Man” that were dropped on respectively on Hiroshima and Nagasaki had a yield of 13 and 23 kilotons, respectively. 

To be sure, the B61 is not a new nuclear weapon system. First built more than 50 years ago, the B61 is a family of nuclear gravity bombs that has undergone several updates. 

Up until recently, the Air Force was operating four variants of nuclear munition (B61-3, B61-4, B61-7, and B61-11). But a major update that rolled out last year replaced the 3, 4, and 7 versions of the nuclear bomb with the B61-12. As a result, the Air Force now operates the 11 and 12 versions of the nuclear munition. The updates took place in order to improve the safety and reliability of the weapon. 

Full-scale production of the B61-12 just started, and the life extension program of the nuclear munition is expected to cost the Air Force up to $10 billion and should be complete by 2026. The new weapons should have a lifespan of approximately 20 years before they need another update. 

“With this program, we’re delivering a system to the Department of Defense that improves accuracy and reduces yield with no change in military characteristics, while also improving safety, security and reliability,” Jill Hruby, Department of Energy Under Secretary for Nuclear Security and National Nuclear Security Agency (NNSA) Administrator, had said last year when the first B61-12 rolled out of production. 

One of the main reasons for updating the nuclear munition was to make sure that it was compatible with current and future manned and, potentially, unmanned aircraft. 

Ukraine War Drama: B61-12 Nukes In Europe 

The deployment of the B61-12 nuclear bombs to Europe coincided with a major NATO nuclear exercise in the Continent. The transatlantic alliance just held its major annual tactical nuclear exercise in Europe, Steadfast Noon 22.

The nuclear exercise is set to finish at the end of the month and brought together 14 NATO members and partners with over 60 aircraft, including F-15E Strike Eagle, F-16 Fighting Falcon, F-35 Lighting II fighter jets, and B-52 Stratofortress strategic bombers. According to NATO, Steadfast Noon 22 focused on honing the strategic nuclear deterrence of the transatlantic alliance and was not intended to provoke Russia or escalate the situation in Ukraine. 

Expert Biography: A 19FortyFive Defense and National Security Columnist, Stavros Atlamazoglou is a seasoned defense journalist specializing in special operations, a Hellenic Army veteran (national service with the 575th Marine Battalion and Army HQ), and a Johns Hopkins University graduate. His work has been featured in Business InsiderSandboxx, and SOFREP.

1945’s Defense and National Security Columnist, Stavros Atlamazoglou is a seasoned defense journalist with specialized expertise in special operations, a Hellenic Army veteran (national service with the 575th Marine Battalion and Army HQ), and a Johns Hopkins University graduate. His work has been featured in Business Insider, Sandboxx, and SOFREP.



  1. Tamerlane

    October 31, 2022 at 10:37 am

    This escalation is asinine. We are treating Ukraine like an ally, when they are nothing but a proxy/client state.

    • Rick

      October 31, 2022 at 6:32 pm

      Comrade Tamerlane, you really don’t have any appreciation for freedom and democracy do you? How is it living in a shithole with new laws of suppression arriving on a daily basis? ROTFL at a fool.

      • H.R. Holm

        November 1, 2022 at 2:14 am

        Really, ‘Rick’? Now do you want to follow on with the usual media/establishment script and tell us than anyone worried about escalation to nuclear war is a ‘Putin troll’, apologist, or whatever? I did not know that ‘freedom and democracy’ were enhanced or in the least served by overtly publically announcing that the U.S. is
        suddenly sending almost 200 nuclear devices to Europe amidst a geopolitical situation that is becoming more dicey by the week. This is the sort of thing that even if done, the honchos in charge need to keep their damn mouths shut about it. Really, before you, me, and everyone end up living what may remain of our lives in a real sh*thole after the bombs go off.

  2. Froike

    October 31, 2022 at 1:31 pm

    God Willing…it’s only a deterrent and will never be used.

    • Rick

      October 31, 2022 at 6:17 pm

      Comrade Tamerlane, Go back to your russian troll farm or join the army and be forced into gay prostitution…if fits you.

  3. Dr. Scooter Van Neuter

    October 31, 2022 at 3:36 pm

    Pretty sure I need to buy a bigger generator and some food…

  4. H.R. Holm

    November 1, 2022 at 2:03 am

    Lots of pundits/observers are comparing the potential confrontation between NATO and Russia now to the Cuban missile crisis of 1962, but whoa—remember what happened (or almost did) with another major nuclear exercise back in November of 1983, curiously almost exactly 40 years ago. U.S/NATO command post exercise ‘Able Archer’ kicked off in November of that year, meant to simulate/practice nuclear weapons release steps in case of a NATO/Warsaw Pact conflict, and do so in a more structured way than in past versions of the exercise. Except the then-Soviets got wind of the plan’s outlines, and some began thinking it was a cover for a surprise NATO nuclear assault. It went all the way up to the Politboro in Moscow and Yuri Andropov. It caused such concern that an order was eventually given to prepare Pact frontal aviation units to be loaded with their nuclear weapons and placed on standby launch alert. Of course, (and luckily) U.S. intel assets monitoring the Soviet comms activities & reactions started to piece all this together, and soon it was at the insistent prompting of a U.S. Air Force colonel (or maybe general?), I believe it was, who was monitoring all this, that word of the whole intensifying situation finally got up the chain of command to President Reagan, who had a hand in finally terminating the exercise a bit early, luckily then defusing the unfolding crisis from stepping up disasterously further. (To make quite an involved long story short.) Ironically, this was at the same time (or very close to it) that ABC broadcast the nuclear war movie ‘The Day After’, the plot of which included a European conflict preceding a nuclear exchange. Art imitating Life, indeed. Question is, do we have high-ranking officers in the U.S. military today who can and will duplicate a rough equivalent of that colonel did should things in Europe escalate soon? We’d better hope so.

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