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ATACMS: The Missile That Could Start World War III in Ukraine?

ATACMS Ukraine

It’s no doubt that the Ukrainians have used the U.S.-provided M142 High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems, or HIMARS, to their heart’s content. This has enabled the defenders to push effective counter-attacks and take more territory previously held by Russia. But the United States has refrained from allowing Ukrainians to fire a key type of longer-range ballistic missile with the HIMARS launcher. The ATACMS or Army Tactical Missile System has been on the Ukrainian wish list for months. However, the Americans decided that the missile would cause Vladimir Putin to escalate the war if it was launched into Russia.


But Air Strikes Inside Russia Proper Are Being Executed By Ukraine

Even so, the Ukrainians are already attacking within Russian borders. Over December 6th and 7th, Ukrainian forces used drone strikes on Russian air bases. While the damage to the installations has likely not been extensive, it shows that the Americans cannot stop this latest phase of the war.

The U.S. Denies Involvement in the Latest Drone Strikes

U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken said his country “did not encourage or enable” the latest Ukrainian drone strikes against Russian air bases. If this escalation continues, would the United States then be willing to supply ATACMS to Ukraine? After all, the genie is out of the bottle. Ukraine is already attacking the Russian homeland. Maybe the Americans would go with the flow and enable ATACMS deliveries.

It Would Take Substantial Work to Change the HIMARS Launchers

So far the HIMARS batteries the Americans have sent to Ukraine are not able to fire ATACMS. The Pentagon would have to find launchers with these capabilities or send technicians to Ukraine, along with ATACMS, to re-purpose HIMARS to fire the ballistic missiles. This seems like a complicated process that the Americans would not choose.

ATACMS Would Push Putin Over the Edge

Plus, Moscow would consider ATACMS strikes something engineered by Washington and thus a red line that could encourage Vladimir Putin to blame Americans for dangerous attacks within Russia and retaliate against the United States or NATO members directly. ATACMS would likely cause more damage than drone strikes. ATACMS could fly into Russia putting military installations and putting Russian personnel in danger.

HIMARS Is a Substantial Battlefield Difference Maker

Since late November, the Pentagon has revealed it has delivered or is in the process of sending 38 HIMARS launchers to Ukraine. These fire powerful 227mm precision-guided rockets and the Ukrainians have made Russia pay dearly in casualties and destroyed military hardware during their use. The rockets have a range of over 43 miles. The launcher is mounted on a truck, enabling a quick set-up after changing locations.

ATACMS Has an Even Longer Range

But ATACMS could be the biggest prize of all. These ballistic missiles (depending on the type of variant) can handle targets from 87 to 186 miles away. This longer range has the Ukrainians salivating to shoot them at Russian targets, especially at bases within Russia’s borders. That’s what the Americans wish to avoid, and they have made modifications to existing HIMARS launchers to keep them from shooting ATACMS.

Ukraine Will Have to Do Without the ATACMS

It is not likely that the United States will send ATACMS to Ukraine. It would take extensive work to re-jigger the HIMARS launcher for firing the ballistic missiles. Russia would blame the U.S. for the escalation and Putin would have an excuse to endanger American assets in Europe. The Ukrainians will have to make do with HIMARS rockets, and they shouldn’t complain considering how successful the HIMARS in its current configuration has been in the war.   

Expert Biography: Serving as 1945’s Defense and National Security Editor, Dr. Brent M. Eastwood is the author of Humans, Machines, and Data: Future Trends in Warfare. He is an Emerging Threats expert and former U.S. Army Infantry officer. You can follow him on Twitter @BMEastwood. He holds a Ph.D. in Political Science and Foreign Policy/ International Relations.

Written By

Now serving as 1945s New Defense and National Security Editor, Brent M. Eastwood, PhD, is the author of Humans, Machines, and Data: Future Trends in Warfare. He is an Emerging Threats expert and former U.S. Army Infantry officer.



  1. GazfromtheUK

    December 7, 2022 at 5:41 pm

    The Ukrainians are playing a very dangerous game by attacking targets within the territory of Russia itself. This will inflame and escalate this conflict even further than ever. They are definitely crossing a big red line in doing this . . . As it could be perceived as them posing an existential threat to Russia with conventional weapons, instead of them keeping things on a strictly defensive footing within the borders of Ukraine itself. If that isn’t a provocative act of war, to attack Russia directly, then I don’t know what is.

  2. John

    December 7, 2022 at 6:44 pm

    Interesting story comments – “ATACMS could fly into Russia putting military installations and putting Russian personnel in danger”. You do recall the rusciasts attacked Ukraine and are murdering thousands, not just putting them in danger ! And you say “The Ukrainians will have to make do with HIMARS rockets, and they shouldn’t complain”. They “will have to do” = very casual remark. And “shouldn’t complain”, about what, being looted, raped, tortured and murdered?! Nice little easy going story Brent.

  3. Luis Espinal

    December 7, 2022 at 7:59 pm

    @GazfromtheUK, “This will inflame and escalate this conflict even further than ever. ”

    Dude, that ship sailed long ago the moment Russia turned the conflict into a genocidal war of attrition.

    Russia is free to escalate to Holodomor-levels while threatening with nuclear blackmail, but Ukrainians attacking legitimate military targets? Oooooh, escalation.

    The logic doesn’t add up, considering the latest drone strikes have zero tactical advantage (though they are an impactful strategic punch.)

    Ukraine can hit inside Russia with the HIMARS today. They could easily shoot at Belgorod from within the Kharkiv region.

    But they haven’t.

    They have shown restraint with the HIMARS. They can and will do the same with ATACMS.

    Unlike the Russian military staff, the Ukrainians aren’t stupid.

  4. Charles C Nolan

    December 7, 2022 at 10:47 pm

    Oh how poor Neville Chamberlain feared angering Hitler, and oh Sleepy Joe and others think that they can appease Putin. The question is then do we surrender to China or Russia? History tells us that conquers rarely value the people who surrender, frequently exterminating the cowards, as the victors call them.

  5. David Chang

    December 8, 2022 at 4:46 am

    God bless people in the world.

    We should pray to God, repent, and stop socialist warfare.

    MGM-140 is like AGM-158. It makes fire in Russia, even mobile FSB is a better tactic, but it is not right to accomplish the strategy or policy. Because the strategy is wrong, and Democratic Party deny Ukraine War is socialism warfare.

    If every people obey Ten Commandments, there will be no more war.

    God bless America.

  6. David Chang

    December 8, 2022 at 11:05 am

    God bless people in the world.

    Eliot A. Cohen is wrong.
    Many people who don’t obey Ten Commandments want to make Big balls of fire in the world.

    In 20th century, most people in Europe don’t obey Ten Commandments. Many people in Europe believe socialism, just like Nazi and German SPD and Communist Party, and cut off defense budget, to make Europe armies crippled in parliamentary elections.

    Without enough soldier, weapon, and supply, Mr. Chamberlain have to delay the war.

    God bless America.

  7. froike

    December 8, 2022 at 12:43 pm

    100% John…Everyone seems to be “pushing Vlad The Impaler over the edge.” What about Thousands of Ukrainians killed fighting for their country? How about Hundreds of Ukrainian Civilians purposefully targeted by Putin’s Hordes? The Russkies torture, rape, and pillage like The Barbarians they are. There’s no Electricity, Water, Heat, Food…
    I think Putin should definitely be pushed over the edge…of a very High Cliff!

  8. David Chang

    December 8, 2022 at 2:57 pm

    God bless people in the world.

    But, General Milley should think about international relationship by Ten Commandments.

    Scholars of Columbia University don’t obey Ten Commandments, teach people to believe socialism, and promote democratic progress society as stated in Communist Manifesto.

    So, General Milley should not hope people stop war only, but also hope people in Europe obey Ten Commandments, against socialism, and stop the socialism revival plan which Gorbachev, Putin, and Xi propagate to people.

    Moreover, Biden should confess Sin and repent to God, and ask people of Democratic-Republican Party obeying Ten Commandments.

    God bless America.

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