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Putin’s Greatest Fear: Could Ukraine Launch a Drone Attack on Moscow?

Ukraine Donbas
Russian Army tank firing. Image Credit: Creative Commons.

Could Ukraine Attack Moscow? It would be an attack that would surely make a psychological and morale-sapping impact on Russian civilians.

What if Ukraine used long-range drones to hit Moscow?

This would likely be only a symbolic strike that probably wouldn’t cause that much damage, but it would be terrifying to some Muscovites, who often see the war as a far-off abstraction that has not touched them directly.

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Putin Readies to Defend the Capital Against Ukraine

Russia just deployed new anti-missile and anti-aircraft defense systems around Moscow.

One of the batteries will protect the Russian military headquarters building. This shows that Putin is concerned about Ukraine’s ability to strike deep into the country with the capacity to hit the capital.

Ukraine Shows the Ability for Deep Strike

Ukraine has the weapon to do so. The Ukrainians have a long-range low-altitude drone called the Tu-141 Strizh that comes from the Soviet-era.

These reconnaissance drones were re-purposed for offensive strikes.

They were used to hit deep into Russia to land on two air bases on December 5. One of these targeted installations is just 150 miles outside Moscow at Dyagilevo military airbase in Ryazan that has Tu-95 bombers.

Destroy Russia’s Bombers

The other attack on Engels-2 air base happened 450 miles east of the Ukrainian border.

The drones destroyed two Tu-22M3 Backfire-C nuclear-capable bombers and killed a handful of Russian air force personnel.

The base is one of the country’s largest. It has been instrumental in attacking Ukraine with its own bombers and missiles that it fires toward Ukraine’s critical infrastructure used for powering the electric grid and water processing.

Russian Public Is Aghast

The news of this attack likely sent a shock wave toward Russian civilians who are used to minding their business without having to worry about being attacked.

Vladimir Putin tried to reassure the public by saying his defense forces would employ “all means necessary” to protect the homeland.

Ukraine has also used long-range artillery and rockets at targets across the border into Russia, but the Kremlin knows that the attack on air bases is much more serious.

Ukraine realizes the drones are cheap and have a psychological effect on Moscow. Even if they don’t attack the capital, some damage has been done to the Russian psyche.

Departure From the Usual Ukrainian Military Strategy

The December drone attack was also notable because the United States and its allies had previously kept Ukraine from launching strikes into Russia for concern that this practice would lead to the war’s escalation. The policy allowed Putin to launch his own missiles without fear of Ukraine striking proportionately – something that Moscow did not have to deal with before – its own civilians worrying about casualties.

Russia Needed to Beef Up Air Defenses

Russia defense expert Rebekah Koffler told Fox News on January 23 that there are “gaps” in the air defense layer over Moscow and the Russians are working to remedy these shortcomings. Koffler said the defense systems are to protect where Russian political elites live, especially Putin’s residence.

Time to Train for Ukrainian Threat to Capital

The Russian defense ministry also revealed January 21 that it conducted a training exercise with S-300 anti-aircraft systems to repel a potential aerial attack against Moscow and defense industries in the city. Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty also said that Russia used ground troops to practice reacting to a pretend Ukrainian sabotage group.    

Russia Is All In It Together

The Institute for the Study of War think tank believes that Russian military leadership is doing the training activities to show the country that the war will be a long one and that civilians must prepare to sacrifice for the greater good.

That means training for the contingency of a Ukrainian attack against Moscow.

Thus, Russia believes the threat on its capital is plausible, and they are preparing to defend it. An attack on Moscow may be a low-probability event. Still, the Russian public is beginning to see that the war has expanded to stoke the belief that Ukraine is willing to venture beyond its borders to conduct a strike against civilians.

This serves as a wake-up call to Muscovites, who now know that it is time for society to enter into a level of war footing that hasn’t been seen since World War Two.

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Author Expertise and Experience: Serving as 19FortyFive’s Defense and National Security Editor, Dr. Brent M. Eastwood is the author of Humans, Machines, and Data: Future Trends in Warfare. He is an Emerging Threats expert and former U.S. Army Infantry officer. You can follow him on Twitter @BMEastwood. He holds a Ph.D. in Political Science and Foreign Policy/ International Relations.

Written By

Now serving as 1945s New Defense and National Security Editor, Brent M. Eastwood, PhD, is the author of Humans, Machines, and Data: Future Trends in Warfare. He is an Emerging Threats expert and former U.S. Army Infantry officer.



  1. Jim Jones

    January 24, 2023 at 8:26 pm

    Take the fight to Putin.

  2. H.R. Holm

    January 25, 2023 at 3:05 am

    My worry now is that the U.S./NATO might in the not too distant future offer Ukraine some or their longer-range cruise missiles. Just let those start hitting Moscow and see how the Russians react. My guess is that behind the scenes, the Russian leadership gently but firmly lets NATO know: those missiles hit Moscow again, and London, Berlin, and Brussels get it back in kind. Taking out a few train stations in each city would hammer home that message.

  3. John in Chicago

    January 25, 2023 at 11:19 am

    Anyone who thinks the Russian war machine that stopped Hitler at the gates of Stalingrad will lose this conflict is delusional. Up until now Russia has battled them with our equvilant of the national guard. When winter sets in and the ground freezes Putin will unleash his armor. Ukraine will trade territory for peace, then their oligarchs will escape to their villa’s throughout the world that we’ve paid for.

  4. mcswell

    January 25, 2023 at 2:20 pm

    @John: Winter has set in, and the ground has frozen (as I would have thought you’d notice in Chicago). Still no unleashed armor from Putin.

    Oh, and that wasn’t Putin’s national guard that marched into Ukraine, that was his best and brightest. Was.

  5. mcswell

    January 25, 2023 at 2:21 pm

    Drones? Who needs drones? Send in Mathias Rust, he already knows Moscow from the air.

  6. BKF

    February 28, 2023 at 1:54 pm

    How long does Putin get a pass on his naked, unprovoked attack of another sovereign territory and especially that countries civilian population without getting it back in kind? If Ukraine has the wherewithal to strike inside Russia, why not? The only thing Putin will do is send in more and more consripted bodies into the meat grinder just like Stalin did. If he is foolish enough to to attack NATO conventionally or, God forbid nuclear, it would be the last act of aggression Russia ever makes. Imagine if we never helped those SOB’s during WWII. Politics aside, it would as if the Allies joined the Nazi’s like Patton suggested. Stalin like Putin wouldn’t have lasted a year and a large portion of an estimated 20-30 million Russian losses might be spared. I don’t understand why these dictators are still around in this day and age; I guess the Russians are more afraid of their own “leaders” than they are of dying in European meat grinder. We’ll see how they feel about getting rid of this despot and others like him when the grinder comes to their hometowns in Asia.

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