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Smart Bombs: Military, Defense and National Security

The B-52 Bomber: Now A Giant Hypersonic Missile Truck?

B-52 Hypersonic
A U.S. Air Force B-52 Stratofortress assigned to the 2nd Bomb Wing departs after receiving fuel from a KC-135 Stratotanker, assigned to the 340th Expeditionary Air Refueling Squadron, during a multi-day Bomber Task Force mission over Southwest Asia, Dec. 10th, 2020. The B-52 is a long-range bomber with a range of approximately 8,800 miles, enabling rapid support of BTF missions or deployments and reinforcing global security and stability. (U.S Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Trevor T. McBride)

A month ago, the United States Air Force faced a setback when a still under-development hypersonic missile system failed to launch from the wing of a specially modified and upgraded Boeing B-52 Stratofortress.

It was the eighth test of the technology to determine how the Cold War-era bomber could be armed with the advanced AGM-182A Air-launched Rapid Response Weapon (ARRW), but it was also the first to end in a failure.

In the most recent test, conducted on May 5, everything went smoothly and a B-52 Stratofortress from the 49th Test and Evaluation Squadron, Barksdale Air Force Base (AFB), Louisiana, successfully took part in a simulated hypersonic kill chain employment from sensor to shooter and back during Northern Edge 21 exercises.

B-52 Bomber: Now Firing Hypersonic Weapons

The drills, which included service members from the U.S. Air Force, U.S. Army, U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps, provided high-end, realistic warfighter training, develops and improves joint interoperability to enhance the combat readiness of participating forces. NE 21 further built on the lessons learned during Valiant Shield 20, which was held last September.

During a more than thirteen-hour sortie from Barksdale AFB to Alaska and back, the Air Force’s B-52 proved it could receive target data from sensors via the All-Domain Operations Capability experiment, or ADOC-E, more than 1,000 nautical miles away at Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson. Once the crew of the B-52 received the data from the ADOC-E, the bomber then was able to successfully take a simulated shot of the target from 600 nautical miles away using the AGM-183 ARRW.

“We were really exercising the data links that we needed in order to complete that kill chain loop, and then get the feedback to the players in the airspace that the simulated hypersonic missile was fired and effective,” explained Lt. Col. Joe Little, 53rd Test Management Group deputy commander.

The Air Force reported that this was a successful showcase for its Beyond Line of Sight Kill Chain employment.

“The team did an outstanding job effecting this event both in planning and execution,” said Lt. Col. Matt Guasco, 49th Test and Evaluation Squadron commander. “This is a win for the U.S. Air Force and greater DOD as a whole but make no mistake, we are just getting started.”

The AGM-183A ARRW could give the Cold War-era B-52 even more lethality. The weapon, which is being developed to be carried and launched from the bomber, can fly at speeds between 5,000 and 6,000 miles per hour—roughly between Mach 6.5 and Mach 8.

At such speed, the ARRW (reportedly pronounced ‘Arrow’) could hit a target 1,000 miles very quickly, limiting the response time of defenders.

The missile is made up of a solid-fuel rocket booster that is topped by an unpowered boost-glide vehicle, and the rocket booster can propel the missile to hypersonic speeds after which the glide vehicle detaches and continues to the target.

Peter Suciu is a Michigan-based writer who has contributed to more than four dozen magazines, newspapers and websites. He regularly writes about military small arms, and is the author of several books on military headgear including A Gallery of Military Headdress, which is available on

Written By

Expert Biography: A Senior Editor for 1945, Peter Suciu is a Michigan-based writer who has contributed to more than four dozen magazines, newspapers, and websites with over 3,000 published pieces over a twenty-year career in journalism. He regularly writes about military hardware, firearms history, cybersecurity, and international affairs. Peter is also a Contributing Writer for Forbes. You can follow him on Twitter: @PeterSuciu.