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The US Air Force Wants F-22s, F-35s, F-16s and F-15s to Fight Together

A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon with the 79th Fighter Squadron, Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina, flies over the Gulf of Mexico, Nov. 8, 2021. Personnel and aircraft from the 79th FS traveled to Florida to participate in Checkered Flag 22-1, a large-force aerial exercise held at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, which fosters readiness and interoperability through the incorporation of fourth- and fifth-generation aircraft during air-to-air combat training. The 22-1 iteration of the exercise was held November 8-19, 2021. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Betty R. Chevalier)

In auto racing, the “chequered flag” first made its debut at the Glidden Tours, an American road rally, in 1906. The modern “checkered flag” continues to mark the end of such events – but for the U.S. military, it means something very different. A Checker Flag is now one of the Department of Defense’s (DoD’s) largest air-to-air exercises. The large-scale aerial drills were designed to integrate fourth- and fifth-generation airframes to enhance mobility, deployment, and employment capabilities of Air Force aviators and maintainers.

The recently concluded two-week-long event focused on the integration of the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor and F-35A Lightning II with fourth-generation aircraft, including the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon and McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle, in a large-force exercise to train and test enhancement mobility, pre-deployment qualifications and rapid response employment capabilities of pilots and aircrew.

Checkered Flag 21-1 was hosted by the 325th Fighter Wing at Tyndall Air Force Base (AFB), Florida, and in addition to the aircraft, Airmen, Sailors and DoD contracts and civilians participated.

“This iteration of Checkered Flag is different because the 325th Fighter Wing actually owns the exercise,” said Lt. Col. Sean Fazande, Checkered Flag 22-1 exercise director. “We actually have every agency on base involved to execute this mission; that’s upwards of 15 agencies coming together, coordinating and making the exercise happen.”

The 325th FW was responsible for maintaining and executing predetermined mission goals and learning objectives identified by the Air Combat Command commander’s intent to train a dedicated, highly-effective force ready worldwide for rapid response, the Air Force announced. This is known as an Immediate Response Force defense posture.

“We hone down exactly what we are going to execute,” Fazande added. “We also have players from Jacksonville and Eglin (AFB) and other locations that [participated], giving us a very robust exercise.”

Checkered Flag 21-1: Inter-service Integration

While Checkered Flag has been largely seen as an Air Force exercise, this year’s integration operations focused on building relationships and strengthening partnerships with the U.S. Navy, as well as North American Aerospace Defense Command partners stationed at Tinker AFB, Oklahoma.

Additional units that participated this month included the 90th Fighter Squadron, which is assigned to Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska and the 79th FS stationed at Shaw AFB, South Carolina. In total, more than 93 aircraft and 12 squadrons from across the country brought their respective fighters, tankers, electronic and communication warfare skills, and command and control aircraft teams to the playing field.

Along with Tyndall AFB Airmen, approximately 950 transient personnel took part in the two-week-long exercise, and successfully conducted some eight flying missions with 449 sorties flown. The success of the combined training exemplified Tyndall AFB’s main mission: to train and project unrivaled combat airpower.

“[We] allow our pilots to get out there and work together and build unit cohesion,” Fazande noted. “That unit cohesion is very key to what Checkered Flag is all about; bringing them down here, working together, mission planning together, getting out into the airspace and knowing how and when [to] execute certain tactics.”

Combat Archer Hit The Bull’s Eye

The Air Force also announced that over the course of Checkered Flag 22-1 exercise, the 53rd Wing’s Weapons System Evaluation Program East 22.02, also known as Combat Archer, was conducted. The WSEP program is also a joint service program that tests air-to-air and air-to-ground live fire weapons and munitions systems. Conducting Checkered Flag 22-1 and WSEP simultaneously further saved the DoD resources while it aslo provided additional training opportunities made available by proximity and collaboration.

“We get to do this in concert with them because we utilize the same jets,” Fazande said. “You get the entire gamut of getting into the airspace in the morning, executing certain fighter tactics; how to employ the jet and then take [that back] to debrief and decide how we could improve on those skills. In the afternoon [pilots] get to go from the fighter intercept point to the target, releasing weapons and [learning] what it feels like to shoot a missile off the wing and employ the tactics appropriately.”

Peter Suciu is a Michigan-based writer who has contributed to more than four dozen magazines, newspapers and websites. He regularly writes about military small arms, and is the author of several books on military headgear including A Gallery of Military Headdress, which is available on

Written By

Expert Biography: A Senior Editor for 1945, Peter Suciu is a Michigan-based writer who has contributed to more than four dozen magazines, newspapers, and websites with over 3,000 published pieces over a twenty-year career in journalism. He regularly writes about military hardware, firearms history, cybersecurity, and international affairs. Peter is also a Contributing Writer for Forbes. You can follow him on Twitter: @PeterSuciu.