The PAK-DA has been the subject of countless articles and conjectures. However, will she really ever equal up to a B-2 Spirit, B-21 Raider, or even what China is trying to build? Russia has begun building a prototype of their first ever stealth bomber, according to Russia’s state-owned media outlets. The platform, which has been dubbed the PAK-DA, is intended to compete directly with America’s B-2 Spirit and China’s forthcoming Xian H-20. Russia claims the platform will be in serialized production as soon as 2027.
However, despite America’s latest and greatest stealth platforms, like the Lockheed Martin F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, commonly being compared to Russia’s and China’s own stealth jets, the truth is, America continues to maintain a far larger fleet of operational stealth aircraft than its two competitors combined. To date, only around a dozen or so Su-57s have been built, for instance, and although Russia claimed it’s stealth fighter would finally reach serialized production in late 2019, the very first stealth jet to roll off the assembly line promptly crashed on its first flight.
Russia may lack adequate funding to truly put the Su-57 into production, but even if that weren’t a concern, aviation experts the world over have called the Russian jet’s stealth capabilities into question. Stealth is not a single technology, but rather a series of overlapping technologies, production methodologies, and combat tactics. In particular, Russia seems to lack the production methodologies specifically needed to produce aircraft panels with tight enough tolerances to truly redirect radar waves. While the Su-57 may have a smaller radar signature than most non-stealth fourth generation fighters, it is widely considered to be the least stealthy of the world’s stealth jet competitors.
It’s because of Russia’s inability to adequately produce stealth fighters that their claims regarding the forthcoming PAK-DA should be taken with a grain of salt. Russia has a long and illustrious history of developing weapons systems and platforms that garner a fair bit of press attention and then don’t actually work. Their Uran-9 combat infantry robot, for instance, drew headlines the world over when Russia deployed it to Syria, only for stories about the platform’s utter failure to slowly worm their way out of Russia in the months that followed.
Of course, that isn’t to say that Russia is incapable of building highly effective weapons systems and platforms. The Su-57’s stealth characteristics may be in question, but the aircraft itself is seen as a significant threat to fourth generation fighters like America’s workhorse F-16s, F-15s, and F/A-18s, thanks to things like its thrust-vectoring jet nozzles that grant the fighter a high degree of maneuverability.
Which brings us, once again, to the PAK-DA strategic bomber Russia currently has in the works. According to TASS, a media outlet owned by the Russian government, the new bomber will utilize a flying wing design much like America’s B-2 Spirit and forthcoming B-21 Raider. It will be a subsonic platform with heavy payload capabilities which will include cruise missiles, precision bombs, and hypersonic weapons.
While lacking in details, that sounds a great deal like a bomber with similar characteristics to America’s stealth bomber, the B-2, as well as China’s announced H-20, which is fashioned so specifically after the B-2 that China even copied Northrop Grumman’s publicity stills for their bomber announcement.