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Smart Bombs: Military, Defense and National Security

Russia’s New PAK DA Stealth Bomber Will Have Hypersonic Weapons

Image: Creative Commons/Artist Concept Image.



Image: Artist rendition. Creative Commons license.

Last month, the United States Air Force released a new artist rendering of its still-in-development B-21 Raider. The latest images of the heavy bomber came after it was announced in June that the first two Northrop Grumman B-21s had been completed at Plant 42 in Palmdale, California, and would soon be used in testing.

But don’t think for a second America’s adversaries didn’t catch those headlines, as Moscow is getting set for its own potential bomber PR push–and soon.

The Russian military has its very own stealth project in the works and is working on its own long-range bomber. On Monday Tass reported that a demonstration model of the PAK DA aircraft would be assembled before the end of next year, while a new weapon system was also being developed for the ongoing project.

“Currently, the experimental model is being built. The demonstration model will be ready by 2023,” a source in the Russian aircraft industry told Tass. “The subsonic PAK DA will be armed with hypersonic weapons. Besides, its flight will be aided by drones.”

There has been no official confirmation of the information provided to Tass, but in December 2019, Russia’s Deputy Defense Minister Alexey Krivoruchko said in an interview that the design of the PAK DA had been approved and that the Tupolev design bureau had already begun developing working design documentation. In May 2020, a source told Tass that production of the first experimental model of the new strategic bomber had begun.

Codename Poslannik (Envoy)

The Tupolev PAK DA – which in Russian translates to “Prospective aviation complex for long-range aviation” – and codenamed Poslannik (Envoy), is the Russian project to develop its next-generation stealth strategic bomber for the Long-Range Aviation branch of the Russian Aerospaces Forces.

Just as the American-built Northrop Grumman B-21 Raider is meant to replace the B-1 Lancer, B-2 Spirit and B-52 Stratofortress, the PAK DA will eventually replace the Cold War era Tupolev Tu-95 as well as the Tu-160M and Tu-22M3.

Development of the new bomber began in 2008, and according to some early reports was initially based on the Tupolev Tu-160, before then-Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said in a televised address that year indicating that the bomber was an entirely new design.

The Tupolev Design Bureau was awarded a three-year research and development (R&D) contract in September 2009 to undertake studies for a completely original long-range bomber design rather than relying on legacy Soviet concepts.

As previously reported, Russian defense sources revealed last summer that PAK DA’s design had been finalized, following almost a decade of bureaucratic debate and fraught research and development work. Additionally, it was announced that the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) had begun work on the first PAK DA model, with construction to be completed this year. In December 2020, it was also reported that as many as three PAK DA prototypes were already in production. However, that would seem to contradict this week’s news.

The World in the Crosshairs

Even as questions as to how far along the PAK DA program actually is, experts have touted its potential capabilities.

Unlike the Tu-95 (NATO reporting name “Bear”), the PAK DA will reportedly be able to utilize its hypersonic weapons to strike targets potentially on the other side of the planet, without even leaving Russian airspace.

Earlier this year, Russia Beyond reported that work was continuing on the first full-size prototypes and that the new bomber would be built according to the “flying wing aerodynamic scheme,” thus perhaps not being all that different from the B-21 Raider in profile.

The aircraft would be capable of reaching subsonic speeds of up to 1,190 km/h or 740 mph. That would be slower than the speed of the Tu-160 strategic bomber, but it would employ “intra-fuselage” weapons, which would decrease its radar visibility.

Additionally, if the PAK DA could fire its hypersonic weapons without leaving Russian airspace it certainly wouldn’t need to be the fastest bomber in the world. Now as with every other Russian military program in the works, the question is whether Moscow will actually deliver on the hype, and with enough units to make the project more than just an expensive PR stunt.

Peter Suciu is a Michigan-based writer who has contributed to more than four dozen magazines, newspapers and websites. He regularly writes about military small arms, and is the author of several books on military headgear including A Gallery of Military Headdress, which is available on

Written By

Expert Biography: A Senior Editor for 1945, Peter Suciu is a Michigan-based writer who has contributed to more than four dozen magazines, newspapers, and websites with over 3,000 published pieces over a twenty-year career in journalism. He regularly writes about military hardware, firearms history, cybersecurity, and international affairs. Peter is also a Contributing Writer for Forbes. You can follow him on Twitter: @PeterSuciu.



  1. Slack

    August 3, 2021 at 1:54 am

    PAK DA (and its hypersonic payloads) has come about due to America’s mad obsession with doomsday weapons of mass destruction or DWMDs.

    Russia together with China have working hypersonic weapons, yet world peace and global security have not been affected.

    This case is far far different with regard to the U.S. which has the mad urge to forward basing its DWMDs.

    Once the U.S. gets its hypersonic weapons operatiobal, you can bet your last buck it will position them at the front doorsteps of its rivals.

    Readers are urged to read up on ‘The Okinawa Missiles of October’ to see why america is so closely linked to madman’s war and mankind’s final apocalypse.

  2. Jack

    August 3, 2021 at 3:02 pm


    The difference is the US actually has credibility when it comes to delivering new innovative weapon systems.

    China and Russia *claim* to have hypersonics. The Russians even claim to be making nuclear-powered cruise missiles that will go the long way around the earth to bypass increasing US missile defenses in Alaska. Russia also allegedly has autonomous submarines that can deliver nuclear weapons virtually without chance of interception. China has notably experimented with big air-launched hypersonic and long range intercept missiles. These are truly game changing weapons… *IF* you can actually pull it off and deploy them in meaningful numbers. However, these remain experiments at best, and are quite often only half-true assertions. We haven’t seen more than fuzzy photos of supposed prototypes and concept art released from state-sponsored media on each of these. The CIA is silent, and Congress twiddles it’s thumbs when defense bills are introduced. There’s no tangible threat here. The fact is, all world powers still heavily rely on ICBMs, SLBMs, and (to a diminished extent) bombers to deliver WMDs. That’s not likely to change for at least a decade.

    Should any nation get any sort of novel nuclear delivery system, it would truly be game changing. That’s why the US, Russia, and China all strive to develop them. It’s not that this strategy has failed for Russia or China, these adversaries simply haven’t yet produced them.

    On another note I really question the idea of a air-launched nuclear-tipped hypersonic missile. What would that offer that an ICBM wouldn’t provide in a more reliable and much quicker package? It seems fishy to me. I doubt the financially-strained Russian military budget is looking to spend money on superfluous capabilities.

  3. JMG

    November 21, 2021 at 6:40 pm

    All I’m seeing with the PAK DA is an updated Avro Vulcan without a tail. It’s not a stealth bomber.

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