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China and India: On the Brink of a War?

China's Tanks Ukraine
Type 99 Tank. Image: Creative Commons.

NOTE: This piece has been updated since publication as there was an accident on sourcing used which was dated. We apologize for this issue. 

A Sino-Indian Border Clash is Brewing – Even as the temperatures have fallen, tensions have heated up along the Chinese-Indian border – marking the first violent encounter in two years, when troops from both countries engaged in a brawl that left several injured and nearly two dozen dead.

According to multiple reports, troops from both sides “exchanged blows” on December 9 after hundreds of Chinese soldiers had transgressed the border.

The Indian Army said the clash occurred in the Tawang sector of the Arunachal Pradesh state at the eastern tip of India. Initial reports suggested that few soldiers from each nation suffered “minor injuries,” although the exact number is unclear.

“Both sides immediately disengaged from the area,” the Indian army said.

This week’s exchange came two years after some twenty Indian troops, including an officer, were killed during a confrontation between soldiers from the two countries. That violent and deadly exchange had followed weeks of “scuffles” between the Indian and Chinese troops stationed at the poorly demarcated border.

China vs. India Differing Views of the Situation

In an address to lawmakers, Indian Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said that the  encounter on Friday turned violent after Chinese troops “encroached into Indian territory” and “unilaterally tried to change the status quo.”

Col. Long Shaohua, the spokesperson for the People’s Liberation Army’s Western Theater responsible for the area, stated that a Chinese border guard unit conducted “a routine patrol on the Chinese side of the Line of Actual Control” but added that the troops were “blocked by the Indian army illegally crossing the line.”

“We ask the Indian side to strictly control and restrain front-line troops, and work with China to maintain peace and tranquility on the border,” Long said in a statement posted to social media.

The situation escalated on Monday. 

Border War?

Though such clashes aren’t common, it is almost easy to see why such engagements occur. The Sino-Indian border is the world’s longest unmarked frontier, stretching about 2,500 miles, with much of it through rough terrain high in the Himalayas. It is all too common for patrols to end up on the wrong side, and for tempers to flare.

Soldiers on both sides are far from home and forced to live in extremely harsh conditions, which likely leads to animosity, while each is taught to distrust the other. It is easy to see how minor misunderstandings can escalate quickly given such situations. 

The two Asian nations fought a border war in 1962, and engaged in another military standoff in 2017, following the Chinese construction of a road on the Doklam plateau, which is also claimed by Indian ally Bhutan. India and China have been trying to settle their border dispute since the early 1990s but with no resolution.

Arunachal Pradesh, the scene of last Friday’s violence, was where much of the 1962 Sino-Indian war was played out. The Yangtze area is also one of three places along the frontier claimed by both countries.

The recent clashes come as the two sides have made significant progress to diffuse tensions, with some sixteen rounds of talks between military commanders from both sides. It has resulted in some progress, and India and China – which have each become major regional powers – had moved their troops back from some locations where the 2020 skirmishes took place. Yet, given the recent clashes, it is very likely both sides will prepare to dig in for what promises to be a long and cold winter.

The troops will thus continue to suffer, resulting in a needless cycle of distrust and resentment – all for terrain that no one would ever want to visit.

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A Senior Editor for 19FortyFive, Peter Suciu is a Michigan-based writer. He has contributed to more than four dozen magazines, newspapers, and websites with over 3,000 published pieces over a twenty-year career in journalism. He regularly writes about military hardware, firearms history, cybersecurity, and international affairs. Peter is also a Contributing Writer for Forbes and Clearance Jobs. You can follow him on Twitter: @PeterSuciu.

Written By

Expert Biography: A Senior Editor for 1945, Peter Suciu is a Michigan-based writer who has contributed to more than four dozen magazines, newspapers, and websites with over 3,000 published pieces over a twenty-year career in journalism. He regularly writes about military hardware, firearms history, cybersecurity, and international affairs. Peter is also a Contributing Writer for Forbes. You can follow him on Twitter: @PeterSuciu.



  1. Dr. Scooter Van Neuter

    December 13, 2022 at 5:48 pm

    The Chi-coms continue to be power-mad and dangerous.

  2. GhostTomahawk

    December 13, 2022 at 8:05 pm

    Cool let’s watch another war between countries fielding Soviet Era and Soviet style equipment.

  3. Commentar

    December 13, 2022 at 10:09 pm

    This is the direct result of the dirtiest british handiwork in asia.

    Beside selling narcotics and becoming world’s first drug traffickers, the british relentlessly expanded their empire northward & northward (partly to counter russian empire but mostly to capture riches and new territory and people) and thus the situation now in the east and west.

    Afghanistan, kashmir, sachien glacier, arunachal pradesh are some of the lasting problems gifted by the british.

    As for how ruthless or serious these problrms can become google naroda patiya incident.

    It makes your blood run cold.

  4. David

    December 18, 2022 at 9:40 pm

    The Brits created this problem and India not only inherited this troubled legacy, they are trying to enforce this imperialist land grab!

  5. Chandler Danforth

    January 9, 2023 at 4:37 pm


    “How the Koch dynasty is determined to dismantle democracy — and why it might succeed: report” “”

    “Koch, a specialist in strategic disinformation, who had perfected the practice of deceiving the public during his network’s three decades of climate change denial” – a mastermind of finesse.

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