Where Are Russia’s T-14 Armata Tanks? Seemingly Not in Ukraine – The Russian military’s seeming mighty T-14 “Armata” main battle tank (MBT) has long been touted as a potential game-changer for Moscow. Since first being displayed during the May 2015 Victory Day Parade in Moscow, the tank’s advanced capabilities have been praised.
However, the tank has been absent from the battlefield of Ukraine – possibly where it would be needed most.
Meet the T-14
Work on the Armata program began in 2010 when the Russian Ministry of Defence terminated work on its “Object-195” – the T-95 program – which was far less revolutionary and simply too evolutionary. Instead, the new Armata project was seen as a huge technological leap from Soviet-era military hardware designs. The Armata program was to be from the ground up very much distinct from past Soviet/Russian tank platforms.
The outline of the tank, from its hull to its long and boxy turret – which resembles Western tank turret designs – was a notable departure from past Soviet designs. The T-14 also featured seven road wheels, instead of the six wheels that were commonplace on almost all previous Cold War Soviet and even modern Russian MBTs.
Among its other innovative characteristics was its unmanned turret, which included a remotely controlled 125mm 2A82-1M smoothbore main gun with fully automated loading. The turret’s magazine could contain a total of 45 rounds of ammunition, whilst the main gun could also fire laser-guide missiles. In addition, the 2A82 125mm gun was designed to be upgraded to the 2A83 152mm gun, while the T-14 was also fitted with secondary weapons including a Kord 12.7mm machine gun or a PKTM 7.62mm machine gun.
The roof of the T-14’s turret also was developed to house a meteorological mast, satellite communications, global navigation satellite system (GLONASS), data-link and radio communications antennae.
The Armata platform was also designed to keep its three-man crew protected. First, the T-14 MBT features a low-silhouette that reduces exposure to enemy fire, and that enhances the safety and survivability of the crew. Moreover, the driver, gunner and tank commander is housed in a crew compartment located in an armored capsule at the front portion of the hull, and isolated from the automatic loader as well as the ammunition storage in the center of the tank.
The crew compartment was also designed to be made from composite materials and protected by multilayer armor, which according to analyst reports can withstand a direct hit of nearly any type of round that currently exists including sub-caliber and cumulative rounds. The forward section of the tank was also developed to be covered with an active defense system that is designed to intercept anti-tank munitions including sub-caliber rounds such as those from anti-tank guided missiles, rockets and RPGs.
The result is that the T-14 is reported to offer up to STANAG 4569 Level 5 protection. The front hemisphere of the tank was developed to utilize reactive armor while the rear was fitted with bar armor that provides additional protection from anti-tank weapons such as an RPG.
Crew comforts have always been “lacking” in an armored vehicle, but the T-14 was designed with an internal toilet so the crew doesn’t need to exit the tank to answer “nature’s call.”
Not in Ukraine
The T-14 may not be in Ukraine, simply because Moscow doesn’t have enough to actually send. As previously reported, Russian tank manufacturer Uralvagonzavod first said the T-14 would be delivered in 2018. Then the distribution of the first nine tanks would come in 2019. After this date came and went, the leadership said 20 would be tested and 80 would be ready by the end of 2021.
Moscow had announced last year that the T-15 Armata would enter serial production this year, but it seems that the new cutting-edge MBTs wont’ be ready until after next year at the very earliest.
Would Russia Use Them?
It is easy to see why the T-14s aren’t in Ukraine.
Russia simply doesn’t have the numbers to use them effectively. There is little reason to deploy the few T-14s, which are faster and more capable than the older tanks now fielded in Ukraine. If anything, deploying the most advanced weapons alongside the rest of their antiquated tanks would only put the T-14s in harm’s way.
But another consideration is that Russia can’t afford to lose any.
Moscow may not have expected much resistance in Ukraine, and therefore it had little reason to risk its shinny new toys in its “special military operation.” That may be for the best for Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin, as each T-14 reportedly costs in excessive of $3.7 million, roughly 20 times the price of a U.S.-made Javelin anti-tank rocket, which comes in at around $175,000.
The Ukrainians have proven to be using the Javelin and British-made NLAWs to great success.
Already, the financial loss to Russia, which is facing economic hardship due to the crushing sanctions, could be far greater than the physical damage to Ukraine. Simply put, Russia can’t afford to lose this war, but if it manages to achieve its goals it could still be a Pyrrhic victory.
With that in mind, deploying the T-14 isn’t worth the risk in money, but it certainly wouldn’t be worth the risk in reputation for the largely unproven tank either.
When one was reportedly destroyed in Syria, western media jumped on the story to report it. By not deploying the T-14, it remains a mystery; a potentially powerful weapon the west should fear. If the Ukrainians destroyed even one or two it would make for a significant photo-op. The Kremlin may be simply making sure that doesn’t happen.
Now a Senior Editor for 1945, Peter Suciu is a Michigan-based writer who has contributed to more than four dozen magazines, newspapers and websites. He regularly writes about military hardware, and is the author of several books on military headgear including A Gallery of Military Headdress, which is available on Amazon.com. Peter is also a Contributing Writer for Forbes.
March 16, 2022 at 7:08 pm
They don’t want one to be captured and checked out by the West. The Ukrainians are giving them a hard time and they sure don’t want to be captured in good condition
from Russia with love
March 17, 2022 at 2:50 am
do you have a quiz “find where the author screwed up with the photo”? can i participate?
in the third photo is the T-80 tank! 🙂
March 17, 2022 at 10:48 am
The story makes sense….the Russians probably just don’t have enough of them to risk it. The Russians might also thought they wouldn’t need them, that they had enough armor to get the job done without the T-14.
March 17, 2022 at 11:48 am
They don’t want Ukrainian farmers stealing off the battlefield!
Michael Byrd killed a right wing terrorist slut
March 17, 2022 at 12:18 pm
T-14 were a tech demo to make Russia to look better than they really are. It’s the F-35 of tanks, more hype than fact.
March 17, 2022 at 7:05 pm
They are there, just completely submerged in the mud. After all the T-14 is heavier than other Russian tanks.
March 18, 2022 at 1:11 am
The first set of three T-14 photos has an error, the middle photo is not a T-14.
They don’t have enough of them to send to the Ukraine, they can’t afford them in any significant numbers and they cannot afford them to get blown up or abandoned either.
March 18, 2022 at 8:48 am
Has a turret with no one in it, if it was truly revolutionary wouldn’t they have re-thought the need for still having the full sized turret?!
March 18, 2022 at 10:19 am
With the advent of UAVs and advanced effectiveness of infantry operated anti-tank weapons, armor will have to revolutionize. I have recently read about USMC nixing their armor in lieu of surface to surface rockets and UAVs. We are witnessing the evolution of weapontry
March 18, 2022 at 10:41 am
Think it could be a counter balance for the fun maybe?????
March 18, 2022 at 5:05 pm
where is log?
March 18, 2022 at 6:04 pm
I’d like to hear from tankers. The T14 idea is that the crew will fight buttoned up. I think thats a big problem in a battlefield like Ukraine where situational awareness would be a must.
things like Javalin leave a signature. the Human eyeball and hearing are superb at catching that signature and getting a quick rough idea of where the threat is coming from allowing the commander to quickly orient suppressing fire toward that area.
In protected open position, the TC is reasonable protected but can still sense the situation.
Or is all that no longer true and depending on sensors and TV all that is needed ?
March 18, 2022 at 7:32 pm
Tanks are headed the way of the Battleship. When anyone hiding behind a tree 4.5 km away with a Javelin missile can kill a tank. These logistical nightmares that guzzle fuel like a fraternity on spring break are headed for the town square or recycling. The same is true of all the armored vehicles and most artillery. Drones, guided missiles, and stealth, are the battle winners of the future. Troops trapped inside a big loud tin can are just asking for a missile.
March 19, 2022 at 8:28 am
Unless you have it in hand to test yourself, Russian prowess on weapons production and development is vaporware.
March 22, 2022 at 8:07 pm
remember its a “special military operation”
March 24, 2022 at 10:45 am
People just seem to understand that the tank, and armoured vehicles in general, are unique, in that they are an offensive weapon. They provide protection and fire to people on the offensive. Anti Tank missiles and drones are defensive weapons, they do not and cannot take ground. I’m surprised we don’t see more development of drone tanks, crew survivability, not an issue. Same goes for fighter jets.
March 29, 2022 at 1:06 pm
Anyone who believes an Armota tank can be built for under 4 million dollars is fooling themselves. Russia understates the cost and overstates the capability.
April 1, 2022 at 10:43 am
The T-14 tank was created to fight another enemy. Only a fool does not understand this. Dozens, and soon hundreds of T-14s are already in the Russian army.
April 5, 2022 at 4:09 am
I have my doubts as to whether Russia will be able to field T-14s in substantial numbers at any time in the future near. Hell, they’ve had a hard enough time rolling out substantial numbers of T-90s in Ukraine. Most of the tanks are still T-72 variants.
April 20, 2022 at 12:29 am
Lots of nonsense written here. The same nonsense written about the T72, T80, T90, BMP etc etc.
Taking the Russian spiel and reporting it as fact.
April 23, 2022 at 3:56 pm
Should have stuck with the 2A83 152mm gun also capable of launching serious laser guided rockets, not just some firecrackers. When in doubt get a bigger gun, there is no overkill in direct engagement.
May 9, 2022 at 7:47 pm
the T-14 is not anti tractor, thats why
August 9, 2022 at 5:34 pm
September 27, 2022 at 3:31 pm
Is the Leopard tank proven in battle? It is not.
The M1A1 Abrams proved, in Iraq that can be taken out, several were lost. And it costs in excess of US$8M.
So, did the US lost face? No, their tanks are still being bought.
A tank is a machine that is not unbeatable. With the right countermeasures, it can be taken out effectively.
Pyrrhic victory? Yes, in the unlikely event Ukraine will win. As they have to pay back all their supporters.
Can’t wait for the Leopard 2s to reach Ukraine and be blown up by the russian forces.
October 12, 2022 at 11:29 pm
The driver, gunner, and tank commander is housed in a crew compartment. They is?